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HEALTHTOOLS™ (HEALTHRISK™ AND HEALTHAGE™) DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for informational purposes only. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the site. If you think you may have a medical emergency, immediately call your doctor or dial 911.
Expert Review Panel – Expert-24 Ltd
Terms of reference
The aim of the Expert Review Panel is to ensure that all Expert-24 clinical and epidemiological content is robust, independent and up to date.
Medical Director and Editor
Dr. Timothy Dudley
Chairman of the Expert Review Panel
Dr. Robin Christie
Current authors and reviewers for the Health Risk Assessment
Dr. Martin Dawes
Dr. Jonathan Mant
Emeritus authors and reviewers for the Health Risk Assessment
The following individuals were deeply involved in the creation of the health risk assessment at its inception, but are no longer active reviewers on the panel:
Dr. John Fletcher
Dr. Emma Boulton
Professor Larry Ramsay
Professor Klim McPherson
How accurate are these percentages?
How good is the evidence?
Most recently reviewed:
Selected articles from previous reviews:
THE INFORMATION CONTAINED IN THE RISK ASSESSMENT IS FOR YOUR PERSONAL USE ONLY AND IS NOT INTENDED TO DIAGNOSE, CURE, MITIGATE, TREAT, OR PREVENT DISEASE OR OTHER CONDITIONS AND IS NOT INTENDED TO PROVIDE A DETERMINATION OR ASSESSMENT OF YOUR STATE OF HEALTH. ALWAYS CONSULT A LICENSED HEALTHCARE PROFESSIONAL SUCH AS YOUR FAMILY PHYSICIAN OR SPECIALIST TO MAKE HEALTHCARE DECISIONS OR BEFORE STARTING ANY DIET OR EXERCISE PROGRAM. WE MAKE NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, IN CONNECTION WITH THE RISK ASSESSMENT OR THE PERFORMANCE OF THE RISK ASSESSMENT, NOR SHALL WE BE HELD RESPONSIBLE OR LIABLE FOR ANY COSTS OR DAMAGES RELATED TO USE OF THE RISK ASSESSMENT OR ANY INFORMATION PROVIDED THEREFROM.
You acknowledge and agree that the information in the assessment is provided 'as is' for general information only. It is not intended, or to be construed, as medical advice, diagnosis and treatment, and is not a substitute for consultations with qualified health professionals who are familiar with your individual medical needs.
Before taking this Health Risk Assessment, please read the following information carefully:
The Health Risk Assessment is an educational tool designed for adults 18 years and older living in “HOSPITAL” service areas, and was developed using the most current national standard guidelines.
The Health Risk Assessment is a confidential questionnaire that is available to you at no cost. Your participation in completing the questionnaire is voluntary. The Health Risk Assessment is for personal use only and is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, mitigate, or prevent disease or other conditions.
The Health Risk Assessment questionnaire is a series of questions about important personal health behaviors that can put you at increased risk for injury, illness and disease. It identifies your specific modifiable health risks and suggests simple actions you can take to maintain or improve your current and future health. It does not cover all of the health risks that could be of concern to you, especially if you are pregnant or have a serious health problem.
The Health Risk Assessment is not a substitute for information given to you by a licensed healthcare provider, nor is it a substitute for a medical exam. If you have any concerns about your health, or if the Health Risk Assessment raises any questions, contact your healthcare provider.
IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY, CALL YOUR DOCTOR OR 911 IMMEDIATELY.
“HOSPITAL” is the sole owner of the information you provide through this Health Risk Assessment. We will not give, sell, rent or loan any of your personally identifiable information that you provide through this survey to any third party, unless legally required to do so.
The Health Risk Assessment is strictly voluntary. The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) ensures that the security and privacy of your personal health information remains confidential. Your employer will not have access to any individual or identifiable health information from your health assessment. The Health Risk Assessment is compliant with Title II of the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008. When questions about family medical history are included, you do not need to answer those questions. If you choose to answer the family medical history questions, you must first sign a written authorization, stating that you are answering those questions voluntarily[T1] . Aggregate group summary reports may be provided to your employer if a minimum of 50 employees complete the Health Risk Assessment, or if no personal health information can be identified.
A personalized health summary with your results and recommendations will be ready for you within minutes after completing the questionnaire. The webpage containing your results will expire after you close your browser. If you wish to see the results of your Health Risk Assessment again, you’ll need to retake the survey and obtain the results.
CPM Healthgrades, a division of Healthgrades, Inc., is the company that designed the Health Risk Assessment. CPM Healthgrades hosts this Authorization webpage and the entire Health Risk Assessment analyzes your responses to the questionnaire and stores the questionnaire information for “HOSPITAL”. Should our agreement with CPM Healthgrades end, CPM Healthgrades has agreed to return all personally identifiable information from the quiz responses to “HOSPITAL”.
CPM Healthgrades will use reasonable measures to protect the personally identifiable information you provide through the Health Risk Assessment from loss, misuse, and unauthorized access, disclosure, alteration, and destruction. Because no internet transmission or computer system is ever 100% secure, however, we cannot and do not guarantee the security of the information that you transmit to CPM Healthgrades via this site.
CPM Healthgrades will not use your personally identifiable information provided in response to the questionnaire to help “HOSPITAL” solve a technical problem, but every CPM Healthgrades technical staff member with access to the survey results signed a confidentiality agreement, as all “HOSPITAL” employees who have access to the survey results are required to do. “HOSPITAL” may use and share with CPM Healthgrades, nonpersonal, summary or aggregate data for business analysis, market analysis, communications management, research, or planning purposes. Such information may also be used to help improve this survey.
By checking the box labeled "I Agree" displayed below, you represent that you are at least 18 years of age; you acknowledge that it is solely your responsibility to follow up with the appropriate provider for any medical services you think you need as a result of taking this survey; you release “HOSPITAL” and CPM, and their respective staff, agents, and assigns, of any responsibility and/or liability pertaining to the use, administration and/or nonuse of your answers to the quiz; and you agree that you will be legally bound by and abide by this authorization as if you had signed it.
You will not be allowed to take this survey if you do not agree to the terms and conditions of this authorization!
DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTY
YOU ACKNOWLEDGE AND AGREE THAT “HOSPITAL” PROVIDES THE ASSESSMENT 'AS IS' WITH ALL FAULTS AND MAKES NO WARRANTIES OR GUARANTEES OF ANY KIND, AND EXPRESSLY DISCLAIMS ANY AND ALL WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND OR NATURE, WHETHER EXPRESS, IMPLIED, OR STATUTORY REGARDING THE ASSESSMENT, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE ACCURACY, COMPLETENESS, CORRECTNESS, TIMELINESS OR USEFULNESS OF ANY INFORMATION, PROGRAMS, PRODUCTS, OR SERVICES, OR OTHER MATERIAL PROVIDED THROUGH THE ASSESSMENT, OR OF RELIABILITY, NON-INFRINGEMENT, MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. “HOSPITAL”MAKES NO REPRESENTATION, WARRANTY OR GUARANTEE THAT YOUR ACCESS TO THE ASSESSMENT WILL BE UNINTERRUPTED, TIMELY, SECURE, OR ERROR FREE, OR FREE OF VIRUSES OR OTHER HARMFUL ELEMENTS, AND SUCH WARRANTIES ARE EXPRESSLY DISCLAIMED.
You acknowledge and agree that while “HOSPITAL” is not providing you with treatment via your use of the Assessment, or treatment advice or other medical service as more fully described in this User Agreement, “HOSPITAL” will safeguard your personal information in the same manner as if it were protected health information under the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA). Toward that end, “HOSPITAL” is providing you with an electronic copy of “HOSPITAL’s” Notice of Privacy Practices. Before using the Assessment, you must electronically acknowledge your receipt of such Privacy Practices.
USE OF INFORMATION
You acknowledge and agree that “HOSPITAL” may collect and use information from your interaction with the Assessment, including computer and connection information, statistics on page views, traffic to and from the sites, ad data, internet protocol address and standard web log information. “HOSPITAL” uses this information to analyze trends, administer the site, track users' movement, and gather broad information for aggregate use.
By using the Assessment, you enter certain personal information into the Assessment tool such as gender, age, ethnicity and zip code. You are also providing medical information about yourself. This information includes your height, weight, blood sugar, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, blood cholesterol, and information about previous health conditions, diabetes, physical activity, diet and smoking status.
This personal and medical information you enter will not be saved and will not be retrievable by you when you use the Assessment on subsequent occasions. You will need to enter this personal and medical information each time you use the tool. This means that the information will be stored in a manner that does not permit the identification of a specific individual without extraordinary effort.
You acknowledge and agree that, unless otherwise indicated, all information contained in the Assessment, such as but not limited to text, graphics, logos, button icons, images, and audio clips is owned by or licensed by HOSPITAL, and is copyrighted and proprietary material of “HOSPITAL” or its licensors, and may not be copied, reproduced, transmitted, displayed, distributed, sublicensed, altered, stored for subsequent use or otherwise used in whole or in part in any manner without HOSPITAL's prior written consent, except that you may make such temporary copies as are necessary to browse the Assessment. You may also make a single copy of the content displayed on any page of the Assessment/Assessment to be used by you for personal and noncommercial uses which do not harm the reputation of the HOSPITAL, provided that you not remove any trademark, copyright or other notices contained in such content. “HOSPITAL” reserves all other rights not granted herein. You may not sell, modify, redistribute, put on another web site or otherwise publicly display or publicly perform, or use for any commercial purpose, any materials or information obtained from the Assessment without HOSPITAL's express written consent.
You acknowledge and agree that “HOSPITAL” trademarks may not be used except with the express, prior written consent of HOSPITAL.
INFORMATION FROM CHILDREN
You acknowledge and agree that “HOSPITAL” does not collect any personally-identifiable information from persons under the age of 18. If you are under the age of 18 you are not qualified to take this Assessment.
You acknowledge and agree that when using the Assessment, you may sometimes be linked to third party websites. “HOSPITAL” is not responsible for the information or materials contained on any third party web sites, or on web sites that provide links to the Assessment. Links from the Assessment are provided for convenience only and are not intended as an endorsement by “HOSPITAL” of the organization or individual operating the third party website or application or a warranty of any type regarding either the third party website or application, or the information on the third party web site or application. “HOSPITAL” shall not be liable, directly or indirectly, for any damage or loss caused or alleged to be caused by or in connection with use of or reliance on any content, products or services available on or through such third party websites or applications.
RESPONSIBILITY FOR SAFETY
You acknowledge and agree that the Assessment might advocate or involve physical activity. Such activity is a potentially hazardous activity which may involve physical risks. In consideration of being allowed to use the Assessment, you hereby expressly agree to assume all risk arising out of your use. It is your responsibility to consult with a physician to determine your fitness to engage in any and all activities associated with the Assessment. It is also your responsibility to use equipment, clothing, and techniques appropriate to the activities related to the Assessment. You acknowledge and agree that you are solely responsible for your own safety.
LIMITATION OF LIABILITY
You agree that you release, and agree to indemnify, defend, save and hold harmless HOSPITAL, its affiliates, and its and their officers, directors, employees, contractors, volunteers, sponsors and agents from all claims arising out of or related to your access or your use of, or your inability to use the Assessment or "THE HOSPITAL’S" collection, use, storage or disclosure of your personal or medical information. IN NO EVENT WILL “HOSPITAL”OR ITS AFFILIATES, AND ITS AND THEIR OFFICERS, DIRECTORS, EMPLOYEES, CONTRACTORS, VOLUNTEERS, SPONSORS AND AGENTS BE LIABLE TO YOU, ANYONE CLAIMING BY THROUGH OR UNDER YOU, OR ANYONE ELSE FOR (i) ANY DECISION OR ACTION TAKEN, OR NOT TAKEN, IN RELIANCE UPON THE INFORMATION CONTAINED OR PROVIDED THROUGH THE ASSESSMENT, (ii) CLAIMS ARISING OUT OF OR RELATED TO THE ASSESSMENT, (iii) YOUR USE OF THE ASSESSMENT, (iv) HOSPITAL'S USE OR DISCLOSURE OF YOUR PERSONAL OR MEDICAL INFORMATION OR (v) FOR ANY INCIDENTAL, INDIRECT, SPECIAL, CONSEQUENTIAL OR PUNITIVE DAMAGES, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO, POSSIBLE HEALTH SIDE EFFECTS, LOSS OF REVENUES, PROFITS OR SAVINGS, EVEN IF THE “HOSPITAL”KNEW OR SHOULD HAVE KNOWN OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES, CLAIMS, DEMANDS OR ACTIONS. The foregoing release, indemnity, and limitation of liability shall be as broad and inclusive as is permitted by the state in which you live.
You acknowledge and agree that the Assessment (including any linked sites) may be accessed from the United States of America, as well as from other countries around the world. THIS USER AGREEMENT, AND YOUR USE AND ACCESS OF THE ASSESSMENT IS GOVERNED BY THE LAWS OF THE STATE OF ARIZONA, WITHOUT REGARD TO ITS CONFLICT OF LAWS RULES. JURISDICTION AND VENUE FOR ANY CAUSE OF ACTION ARISING UNDER THIS AGREEMENT SHALL BE IN DANE COUNTY, MADISON WISCONSIN. “HOSPITAL” makes no representation that the Assessment is appropriate or available for use in locations outside the United States of America. You agree not to access the Assessment from any country or jurisdiction where its content is illegal or prohibited. If you choose to access the Assessment from outside the United States, you do so on your own initiative and you are responsible for compliance with local laws.
“HOSPITAL”, in its sole discretion, may terminate access to the Assessment for any reason without any prior notice. Further, you agree that “HOSPITAL” shall not be liable to you or any third-party for any termination of access to the Assessment.
You agree that this User Agreement sets forth the entire understanding between you and HOSPITAL. You further agree that if any portion of this User Agreement is held invalid, the balance shall continue in full force and effect.